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Eye Term Glossary

Laser Eye Surgeons New Jersey – Campus Eye Group – Eye Term Glossary

eyeA Scan - Ultrasonic procedure to measure specific areas within the eye.

Acuity - The clarity of vision, usually measured on a chart.

Astigmatism - A warping of the curvature of the cornea so that light rays entering the eye do not meet in a single focal point, resulting in a distorted image.

B Scan - Ultrasonic procedure used to check for abnormalities or locate foreign bodies within the eye.

Cataract - A disease which causes the lens or its capsule to become opaque.  It can result in partially or severely decreased vision, but is usually removable and vision correctable by use of an implant.

Cornea - The clear front surface of the eye which covers the iris and pupil.  Acts like the lens of a camera.

Diopter - A unit of measure of the refractive power of a lens, equal to the power of a lens with a focal distance of one meter.

Fluorescein Angiography - Photography of the back of the eye after the injection of fluorescein dye into the bloodstream.

Glaucoma - A disease characterized by increased pressure within the eyeball, leading to a gradual vision impairment, and sometimes, blindness if not diagnosed and treated.

Hyperopia - Farsightedness; a condition in which light rays are focused behind the retina so that distant objects are seen more clearly than near ones.

Intraocular Lens Implementation - Surgery to replace a cloudy lens (cataract) with a new, clear artificial lens designed to eliminate the need for very thick, heavy glasses.  This is usually done at the time of the cataract extraction, but may be done later as a secondary implant. 

Keratometry - The measurement of the curvature of the cornea.

Lens - The part of the eye between the iris and the vitreous humor, which helps to focus light rays entering the pupil on the retina.

Myopia - Nearsightedness; a condition in which light rays from distant objects are focused in front of the retina instead of on it, so that distant objects are not seen clearly.

Pachymetry - An ultrasonic procedure used to measure the thickness of the cornea.

Presbyopia - A form of farsightedness occurring during middle age, caused by a diminished elasticity of the lens.

Radial Keratotomy - A surgical procedure for treating nearsightedness in which the cornea is flattened by means of a series of radial cuts into it.

Refractive Errors - Eye problems which can be corrected through glasses, contact lenses, or, in some cases, surgery.

Retina - A layer of cells at the back of the eye which are sensitive to light and upon which the image formed by the lens is focused.  The image is then carried to the brain by the optic nerve.

Secondary Implant - If no lens was placed in the eye at the time of the initial cataract removal surgery, then a secondary procedure to implant the lens may be done months or years later.

Slit Lamp - A microscope using various magnifications combined with a strong light that can be focused into a slit for examining the eye.

Tonometry - The measurement of the tension or pressure inside the eyeball.

Ultrasound (A & B Scan) - A procedure using sound waves to measure certain portions or detect abnormalities within the eye.

Visual Level - A measurement of the vision level in all portions of the field of vision.